- Strengths: Possibly supported by several biblical passages; emphasizes the importance of resurrection.
- Weaknesses: Promotes violence in the name of salvation - even potentially justifying child abuse and/or spousal abuse through glorifying redemptive suffering; unclear why God needs to punish in order to forgive (even Jesus taught before his death of a forgiving God); punishing an innocent person in place of the guilty is immoral.
- Strengths: Recognizes that it was human violence, not God that is responsible for Jesus' death; biblical support; highlights importance of the resurrection.
- Weaknesses: His mimetic theory that human nature, culture, and civilization are built on conflict, rivalry, and violence needs more support; despite Christ being the last scapegoat in this theory, the cycle of mimetic violence and injustice continues in history - in fact, violence has only escalated in history; does not emphasize the importance of transforming human hearts - one could say that our 'mimetic nature' needs to be transformed, not just our practice of violence.
Strengths: Rightly emphasizes Jesus' nonviolent resistance against injustice and oppression as a part of atonement; includes both oppressed and oppressors in salvation equation; integrates theology and ethics - to tell this story of Jesus is to follow him; emphasizes not Jesus death, but his life and resurrection as well.
Weaknesses: Does not explain why we must live with evil until the eschaton if in fact Jesus already defeated it in his resurrection; does not fully recognize the power of the risen Christ and Paraclete/Holy Spirit for ongoing atonement work; wrongly equates salvation with liberation when salvation is for the oppressors and liberation is for the oppressed.
The final blog posts on this great book will outline Park's own proposal for atonement theology.